ADLs are activities that most of us take for granted on a daily basis. When a person is unable to perform one of these activities, they lose a piece of their independence.
ADLs fall within one of two categories:
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) are things we do to maintain our life and surroundings. These include but are not limited to: Grocery shopping, paying bills, housekeeping, driving, and preparing meals. Loss of these abilities generally precede loss of the basic ADLs (see below), and generally have a significant emotional impact on the person as they see their abilities slipping away.
Basic Activities of Daily Living (BADLs) are self-care things we do to maintain our health and well-being. These include things such as bathing, eating, toileting, dressing, sleeping, and moving about. Loss of these abilities is generally associated with the later stages of dementia.
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